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SI: Supreme Court ruled that it is the right of a country, based on its sovereignty, to decide that it will deal with an applicant, even if this is not its obligation under the Dublin Regulation III.

Input Provided By
Sodna Praska Official Website
Other Source/Information:
Referral to the CJEU
Relevant Legislative Provisions
Dublin Regulation III (Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for IP);
Slovenia, Supreme Court [Vrhovno sodišče], Applicant v Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia [Decision of 15/12/2017 no. IU 2707 /2017-7], VSRS Sklep X Ips 17/2018 Record Number: VS00022399, ECLI:SI:VSRS:2019:X.IPS.17.2018, 10 April 2019. Link redirects to the English summary in the EUAA Case Law Database.
Permanent link to the case
Case history
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The obligation of a State under Article 17 of the Dublin III Regulation does not imply an obligation on the State to decide on the applicant's request or request for the use of a discretionary clause. It is the right of a country based on its sovereignty to decide to treat an applicant, even if it is not its obligation under the provisions of the Dublin III Regulation. Such a claim by the plaintiff cannot be (substantively) decided in the administrative procedure, since it is not an administrative matter and the administrative decision would be rendered null and void. It is therefore logical that in this case the administrative dispute is also inadmissible.

The decision to surrender Article 26 of the Dublin III Regulation in the present case, when it was decided that the Republic of Slovenia would not consider the request for international protection of an applicant for transfer to another Member State, has essentially the same legal consequences as it would have had a decision by which the competent authority would reject an application for international protection if it found that another Member State was competent to deal with it (fourth indent of Article 51 of the ZMZ-1).

The appeal is upheld, the judgment of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia IU 2707 / 2017-7 of 15 December 2017 (point I of the operative part of the judgment and order) is quashed and the action dismissed.

Country of Decision
Court Name
SI: Supreme Court [Vrhovno sodišče]
Case Number
VSRS Sklep X Ips 17/2018 Record Number: VS00022399
Date of Decision
Country of Origin
Dublin procedure
Effective remedy