Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
IE: Court of Appeal ruled on the interpretation of the discretionary clause of the Dublin Regulation in a Dublin transfer case to UK.

Input Provided By
Other Source/Information
Original Documents
Relevant Legislative Provisions
Dublin Regulation III (Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for IP)
Ireland, Court of Appeal , N. V. U. and M. U., M. N. I. and M.S. (Pakistan) v The Refugee Appeals Tribunal, the Minister for Justice and Equality, Ireland and the Attorney General, Neutral Citation Number: [2019] IECA 183 Appeal No.: 2017/591, 26 June 2019. Link redirects to the English summary in the EUAA Case Law Database.
Permanent link to the case
Case history
Other information

This appeal concerns article 17 of Regulation EU 604/2013 Establishing the Criteria and Mechanisms for Determining the Member State Responsible for Examining an Application for International Protection Lodged in One of the Member States by a Third-Country National or a Stateless Person (Recast) (“Dublin III”) which vests in Member States the discretion to deal with an application for refugee status on humanitarian or compassionate grounds where Dublin III would otherwise have resulted in that application being transferred to another Member State.

The appeal is from two written judgments of O’Regan J. delivered on 26 June 2017, U. v. Refugee Appeals Tribunal [2017] IEHC 490, and 24 October 2017, U. v. Refugee Appeals Tribunal [2017] IEHC 613 (the names are not redacted in the original), and order of 14 November 2017 in judicial review proceedings brought against a decision of the Refugee Appeals Tribunal (“ RAT”) which had upheld the decision of the Office of the Refugee Appeals Commissioner (“ORAC”) to transfer the application for refugee status to the relevant authorities in the United Kingdom.


The first appellant, Ms N. V. U., a Pakistani national, was born in 1979. She is the mother of the second, third, and fourth appellants, all minors. She asserts that she had travelled to the United Kingdom on foot of a spousal visa granted on 10 January 2014. In June 2015, her visa having expired on 28 May 2015, she travelled from the United Kingdom to Ireland with her children. She claims that she was in flight from an abusive husband. On 5 June 2015 she made an application under the Refugee Act 1996 for a declaration of refugee status on behalf of herself and her three children to the Irish authorities. Her claim for refugee status was based on an asserted fear of persecution if she and her children were returned to Pakistan. She asserted that the correct forum for the determination of her application for refugee status was Ireland, as she was at risk of inhuman and degrading treatment in the United Kingdom if she was returned there for the purpose of the determination by the United Kingdom of her application.

Country of Decision
Court Name
IE: Court of Appeal
Case Number
Neutral Citation Number: [2019] IECA 183 Appeal No.: 2017/591
Date of Decision
Country of Origin
Dublin procedure
Minor / Best interests of the child
Vulnerable Group