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The CJEU ruled on the provision of the personal interview prior to an inadmissibility decision

Input Provided By
Other Source/Information:
Referral to the CJEU
Original Documents
Relevant Legislative Provisions
Revised Asylum Procedures Directive (Directive 2013/32/EU on common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection) and/or APD 2005/85/CE;
European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union [CJEU], Milkiyas Addis v Bundesrepublik Deutschland [Federal Republic of Germany], C-517/17, ECLI:EU:C:2020:579, 16 July 2020. Link redirects to the English summary in the EUAA Case Law Database.
Permanent link to the case
Case history

The Federal Administrative Court referred for a preliminary ruling in this case: 

Germany, Federal Administrative Court [Bundesverwaltungsgericht], Applicant (Eritrea) v Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF), 1 C 26.16, 27 June 2017.

Following the CJEU judgement, the German court reopened teh case and pronounced the following judgement:

Germany, Federal Administrative Court [Bundesverwaltungsgericht], Applicant v Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF), 1 C 41.20, ECLI:DE:BVerwG:2021:300321U1C41.20.0, 30 March 2021.

Related cases:

The case concerned a reference for a preliminary ruling on the provision of the personal interview before an inadmissibility decision is taken. The applicant, an Eritrean national, applied for asylum in Germany in September 2011. Although he had stated that he had not been to another Member State, it was later established that he had already been given refugee status in Italy so he could be taken back to Italy only under the readmission agreement. Thus his application was rejected as inadmissible on the ground that he had entered Germany from a safe third country and his deportation to Italy was ordered.

Before the Bundesverwaltungsgericht (Federal Administrative Court, Germany), the applicant claimed that he was denied a personal interview before a decision was taken.

The CJEU noted that Article 14(1) APD which establishes the obligation to provide a personal interview also applies to decisions on admissibility. Furthermore, according to the judgment of the CJEU, Articles 14 and 34 of the APD "must be interpreted as precluding national legislation under which failure to comply with the obligation to give an applicant for international protection the opportunity of a personal interview before the adoption of a decision on the basis of Article 33(2)(a) of that directive declaring the application to be inadmissible does not lead to that decision being annulled and the case being remitted to the determining authority, unless that legislation allows the applicant, in the appeal procedure against that decision, to set out in person all of his or her arguments against the decision in a hearing which complies with the applicable conditions and fundamental guarantees set out in Article 15 of that directive, and those arguments are not capable of altering that decision."

Country of Decision
European Union
Court Name
EU: Court of Justice of the European Union [CJEU]
Case Number
Date of Decision
Country of Origin
Access to procedures
Personal Interview/ Oral hearing
Safe Country concept/Safe Country of Origin/ Safe third country
Secondary movements